Poverty alleviation is accompanied by a number of positive social impacts. These include improved access to food (that results in higher nutritional and health levels), improved access to education (due to higher income levels and ability to pay for fees and supplies), and improved employment opportunities. The economy requires structural transformation, including the modernisation of agriculture, the development of industries which build on demand and supply linkages from agriculture, and continued institutional development in the legal and financial sectors. Poor people must be able to participate in this growth, both by expanding smallholder agriculture and by increasing employment in industry and services. Economic growth must be sustainable, high quality and broadly based. The non-material aspects of poverty must be addressed; participatory studies have shown that insecurity, illness, isolation, and disempowerment are as important to the poor as low incomes. Creating a framework for economic growth and transformation Ensuring good governance and security Directly increasing the ability of the poor to raise their incomes Directly increasing the quality of the life of the poor.